The IT market research company Gartner has charted the Technology trends for the new year. Division into the three clusters “digital mesh”, “smart machines” and “the new IT reality” provides a good overview.
“Further, bigger, more diverse” could be the slogan used to describe what experts are expecting for 2016. This doesn’t consist of big revolutionary new developments, but rather the exponential growth of that which is already in its infancy today.
The IT market researchers at Gartner have divided this into three categories in their forecast:
- The device mesh
The connectivity of devices such as wearables, vehicles, cameras and smart home controls is growing at an unstoppable pace into a mesh which also includes the people that interact with these devices or with other people.
As a result, the digital cloud is also growing, because the digital interactions in the device mesh are synchronized on an ongoing basis. This is dissolving the boundaries between devices, time and space and users can interact with applications over longer periods in real time and mix physical, virtual and electronic environments regardless of where they happen to be at the moment.
This is giving massive impetus to applications like augmented reality and virtual reality. But the increasing realness of the digital world is also gaining momentum. For example, 3D printing is poised to experience a much greater market penetration due to the further development of the materials including metal, glass, fibreglass, conductive, pharmaceutical and biological materials.
- Smart machines
The data produced, processed and communicated in the digital mesh is reaching tremendous dimensions. New algorithms will be developed in 2016, which will help companies process this data and develop new business models from it. Thanks to “advanced machine learning“, the machines themselves will become increasingly smarter, which will include learning to understand their environment and adapt their behaviour. This allows for a growing number of applications – from robots and self-driving cars to virtual personal assistants (VPAs).
- The new IT reality
Demands are increasing with regard to the speed and efficiency of the computer architectures. Gartner sees the future in neuromorphic computer systems, which function similarly to the human brain. A mesh-oriented app and service architecture is required to flexibly merge the multitude of information sources, devices, apps, services and microservices and provide useful applications. However, this also requires standardizations in the IoT sector, which is one of the biggest challenges according to Gartner.
The complexity of the digital economy is also significantly increasing security risks for companies. Security is becoming the primary focus of IT management.